13 décembre 2022

Wrc Rally Rules and Regulations

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Available to drivers born on or after 1 January 1991, this is the entry-level class of the World Rally Championship. This championship, contested over five rounds of the WRC, is contested by crews who all drive a Ford Fiesta R2T compliant with the Rally4 technical regulations. With a 999cc three-cylinder turbo engine paired with a sequential gearbox, this front-wheel drive car develops 200 hp and weighs only 1030 kg. The winner of the Junior WRC title will be rewarded the following season with a WRC3 drive at the wheel of a Ford Fiesta R5. Apart from the above rules, WRC class cars must adhere to the same rules as Group A class cars and are effectively their modified successors only to a greater extent. The WRC class regulations allowed Subaru to produce the WRC version of the Impreza, the Ford WRC Escort and Focus WRC, the Peugeot the 206 WRC and the Toyota the Corolla WRC. Subaru is behind the new FIA regulations. David Richards (head of Prodrive, the company that makes the rally versions of the Subaru Impreza) insisted on homologating the new category of cars, arguing that these cars would attract more people (spectators, TVs, etc.) to the World Rally Championship because the new cars were much more impressive. This argument proved questionable later, as the WRC-class cars are essentially the same as the older Group A cars with minor additional features.

However, it should be noted that Subaru had already developed the WRC Impreza and this situation surprised the other teams. A better argument for WRC cars is the fact that manufacturers only need to produce 50 units to get FIA homologation, so less financial implication is needed. This fact has prompted many new manufacturers to produce WRC cars. These include Seat with the Cordoba WRC, Peugeot with the 206 WRC, Ford with the Focus WRC and recently Hyundai and Skoda. To participate in a WRC rally in 2022, cars must be homologated in one of the following groups or classes: World Rally Car 1.6L, one of the Rally and R3 or R-GT groups of Group R[6] This week, World Rally Championship stakeholders will meet in Geneva to try to work out the rules for 2022. To reduce costs, new regulations since 2006 required front and rear mechanical differentials, while the center differential remained active. Active suspension and water injections were also prohibited. [ref. Cars of the same manufacturer had to be equipped with the same engine for two rallies; Other restrictions were placed on changing certain parts, including suspension, steering, turbocharger and transmission. [ref.

needed] The rules governing the cars used in the WRC are regulated and approved by the FIA. From the beginning, the cars have always followed a basic rule of being Category I, « production cars » with a minimum production requirement to obtain homologation by the FIA. This was no longer the case when Group Rally 1 cars were introduced for the 2022 season. The Rally1 regulations have classified them as « competition cars » in category II, which are built as individual examples for exclusive use in competition. Alpine-Renault won the first constructors` world championship with its Alpine A110, after which Lancia won the title three years in a row with the Ferrari V6-powered Lancia Stratos HF, the first car designed and manufactured specifically for rallying. The first drivers` world championship was not awarded until 1979, although the 1977 and 1978 seasons included an FIA Cup for drivers, won by Italian Sandro Munari and Finland`s Markku Alén. Sweden`s Björn Waldegård became the first official world champion and beat Finland`s Hannu Mikkola by one point. Fiat won the constructors` title with the Fiat 131 Abarth in 1977, 1978 and 1980, Ford with its Escort RS1800 in 1979 and Talbot with its Sunbeam Lotus in 1981. Waldegård was followed by Germany`s Walter Röhrl and Finland`s Ari Vatanen as drivers` world champions.

First held in 1973, the FIA World Rally Championship (WRC) brings together the world`s best rally drivers and co-drivers to compete against the clock in high-performance versions of production cars. You`ll ride in extremely different conditions, from the icy asphalt of Monte Carlo to the super-fast forest tracks of Finland. Although both series use R5 category cars that comply with Rally2 technical regulations, the first is limited to manufacturer-backed teams, while the second is intended for private companies. Powered by 1.6-liter four-cylinder turbo engines, the cars used develop about 285 hp. Although they also have all-wheel drive and sequential transmission with paddle shifters, they weigh 1,230 kg (empty) and have less sophisticated aerodynamics. WRC TV produces previews, daily highlights and event reviews for each rally as well as other magazines such as season reports for television. Some TV channels also broadcast the Power stage and choose other live scenes, usually two scenes on Saturday and the first broadcast of the Power stage. In addition, TV channels can stream the entire All Live stream, usually via an interactive channel. [24] In 2018, Toyota Gazoo Racing WRT won the World Rally Championship, giving Toyota its first manufacturer title since 1999. With Tommi Mäkinen at the helm of the team, he became the first person in rally history to win a championship both as a driver and as a team principal.[4] At the end of the following year, Citroën withdrew from the championship after Ogier left the team.[5] Ott Tänak won the drivers` title and broke the dominance of Frenchman Sébastien (Loeb and Ogier) since 2004.

Hyundai, meanwhile, won the constructors` championship title and repeated success in 2020. Ogier returned to the championship-winning track driving a Toyota Yaris for 2020 and 2021, but promised that the new era of Rally1 would not be entirely contested by himself. The WRC said goodbye to World Rally Car in 2021 after 25 years. Rally 1`s new rules focused on hybrid cars have arguably given the series the biggest rule change in a generation and promise to deliver the most unpredictable season in decades.

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